Abstract: The development of recycling economy and establishment of a conservation-oriented society is one of the strategic requirements by the 11th Five-Year Plan and the 17th National CPC Congress, and the reduction of energy consumption is the key. It has become the primary restricted object in the 11th Five-Year Plan to reduce the energy consumption per unit GDP by 20 percent at the end of 11th Five-Year Plan (2010) in contrast to the end of 10th Five-Year Plan (2005). The importance, urgency and arduousness of achieving the object were discussed from the aspects of the economic development stage and the law of industry structure development, and the adjustment recommendations were proposed. High energy consumption stage and heavy industrialization trend are not determined by people’s purpose. The restricted object of energy utilization should not become the compulsory request.
Key words: the 11th Five-Year Plan; the use efficiency of energy; urgency; arduousness