2013年第33卷第9期 环境管理  
 
 
从经济学角度对比中国与美国的能源消费
冯春1 陈淳2
(1.肯塔基大学;2.中国矿业大学)
  摘 要:分析了中美两国能源消费总量和能源结构的差异,探讨了中美两国能源消费差异的经济学内涵,认为经济指标GDP并不能完全反映人们生活水平的提高,而其带来的环境问题却很可能影响后续的经济发展。因此,在发展经济的同时,应该充分考虑能源需求给环境带来的压力。适当调整能源结构、提高能源效率和发展替代能源是未来能源消费战略的重中之重,也是经济、环境和社会协调发展的重要保障。
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Abstract: This article focuses on the differences of energy consumption and energy structures between China and the United States,and analyzes the economics content of the energy consumption difference. It is aware that GDP could not be the only economic index that reflects the improvement of living standards. The environment problems will affect china''s economy''s sustainable development. Therefore, as economy develops,we should take full account of the pressure on environment .To adjust energy structures,improve efficiency of energy and develop renewable energy will be the most important choice in future energy strategy. It will also be an important guaranty for harmonious development of economy and environmental protection.
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